Delivering metrowide sustainable mobility
City/Region : Città Metropolitana di Firenze , Italy

The Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) of the Florence Metropolitan Area provides a solid and comprehensive strategic plan to enforce a firm shift towards sustainable mobility, strongly leveraging public transport, active and shared mobility, and technological innovation. Implementation of the different actions involves all the municipalities, citizens, businesses and mobility operators in the Metropolitan Area. The plan aims to reduce the impact of mobility on climate, increase the affordability and accessibility of mobility services, as well as increasing quality of life, thus adressing sustainability from the environmental, social and economic perspectives.

EU Green Deal Policy Areas Addressed
Sustainable mobility
Pathways followed
  • Ensure equal access to municipal services
  • Involve citizens through participatory implementation
  • Apply innovative financing approaches
  • Wisely select and apply smart technologies
  • Guarantee equal access to information & digital services
  • Support open data standards
electric bus

The development of road and rail infrastructure in the Florentine Area has been influenced by its orography, making the city of Florence the centre of most of the local transportation networks; furthermore, the area reports one of the highest rates of private cars per inhabitant in Europe. Traffic congestion, leading to poor air quality and excessively long travel times, has been a curse for years. Moreover, the recent socio-economic situation has highlighted an increasing divide between urban areas and internal areas, with the latter suffering from both longer distances and the related higher costs of mobility services. This issue has been evidenced clearly throughout the participatory process, making economic and social sustainability goals as important as environmental sustainability goals.

In Action
smart mobility

Based on inputs provided by all stakeholders, the plan has been drafted to provide a framework of highly integrated projects, synergically contributing to the implementation of a completely new scenario for mobility in the Metropolitan Area of Florence.

Projects include the extension of the lightrail network, implementation of a bus rapid transit (BRT) service in areas where no rail or lightrail infrastructure is possible, construction of intermodal hubs to allow modal shift towards public transport when directed to urban areas, development of the cycle-path network to connect intermodal hubs to other destinations, etc. These projects have been shaped to allow for a progressive implementation of the plan, yet guarantee a tight connection between one another, thus easing the modal shift and making mobility as seamless as possible.

While the plan has been approved only recently, in 2021, relevant achievements have already been reached: so far 7 new cycling stations in schoolyards; approx. 10km of cycle-paths in minor urban areas; feasibility studies for 2 BRT lines; a pilot for extending a fixed fare pricing model for transportation services beyond Florence and the municipalities surrounding it; feasibility studies for 8 intermodal hubs; a feasibility project for the extensive deployment of smart mobility solutions (intelligent transportation systems; cooperative connected automated mobility); a successful pilot with an electric bus for long distance service in internal areas (approx. 60km); an R&D project piloting autonomous tram driving solutions; and the kick-off of a pilot project on mobility as a service (MaaS).


The SUMP of the Florence Metropolitan Area implements the guidelines of the Metropolitan's Strategic Plan in the specific field of mobility and it takes into account the content and goals of the strategic plans of the municipalities in the area, as well as relevant plans, guidelines and directives passed down from the regional, national and European levels. In particular, representatives of the higher regional level and of the lower level of municipalities in the area have been actively involved throughout the whole process (drafting, implementation, monitoring). Focus groups with other stakehoders were held during the drafting phase, and are expected to take place again whenever the plan will be updated.

intermodal hub

Among the results collected so far, the funding of a set of projects included in the plan is one of the most relevant ones:

  • fixed fare pilot project ("uno per tutti"): 80k€
  • feasibility study for smart mobility solutions: 230k€
  • feasibility study for intermodal hubs: 400k€
  • feasibility study for BRT lines: 680k€
  • construction of cycling stations: 950k€
  • development of cycle-paths in minor urban areas: 2M€
  • eletric buses: 34M€

One second outstanding result is the appreciation expressed by citizens for the fixed fare pilot project, which has spurred local authorities to identify solutions and funding to extend this action in time and space.


In the mid and long term, the SUMP is expected to deliver significant benefits from an environmental, social and economic perspective. Besides directly contributing to the compelling objectives of the European Green Deal and to the Sustainable Development Goals, the improvement in the quality of mobility services and in the quality of life is expected to make the area more attractive.

Revenues from the congestion charged in the greater urban area is expected to reduce the cost of mobility services in inner areas, thus providing an equal distribution across the whole area.

Challenges and lessons learned

The biggest challenge is satisfying all of the stakeholders and to collect funding for all of the projects included in the plan.

fixed fare pilot project


ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability
European Secretariat

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79098 Freiburg

Tel.: +49 (0) 761 – 368 92 0
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